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logos , ho, verbal noun of leg˘ (B), with senses corresponding to leg˘ (B) II and III (on the various senses of the word v. Theo Sm.pp.72,73 H., An.Ox.4.327): common in all periods in Prose and Verse, exc. Epic, in which it is found in signf. derived from leg˘ (B) 111, cf.infr. VI. 1 a:

I. computation, reckoning (cf. leg˘ (B) II).

1. account of money handled, sanides eis has ton l. anagraphomen IG12.374.191 ; edidosan ton l. ib.232.2; l. d˘seis t˘n metecheirisas chrêmat˘n Hdt.3.142 , cf. 143; oute chrêmata diacheirisas tês pole˘s did˘mi l. aut˘n oute archên arxas oudemian euthunas hupech˘ nun autês Lys.24.26 ; l. apenenkein Arist.Ath.54.1 ; en tais euthunais tou toioutou l. hupechet˘ Pl.Lg.774b ; ton t˘n chrêmat˘n l. para tout˘n lambanein D.8.47 ; adikêmata eis arguriou l. anêkonta Din.1.60 ; sunarai logon meta tinos settle accounts with, Ev.Matt.18.23, etc.; deuteroi l. a second audit, Cod.Just.1.4.26.1; ho trapezitikos l. banking account, Theo Sm.p.73 H.: metaph., ouk an priaimên oudenos l. broton S.Aj.477 .

b. public accounts, i. e. branch of treasury, idios l., in Egypt, OGI188.2, 189.3, 669.38; also as title of treasurer, ib.408.4, Str.17.1.12; ho epi t˘n l. IPE2.29 A (Panticapaeum); dêmosios l., = Lat. fiscus, OGI669.21 (Egypt, i A.D.), etc. (but later, = aerarium, Cod.Just.1.5.15); also Kaisaros l. OGI669.30 ; kuriakos l. ib.18.

2. generally, account, reckoning, mê phunai ton hapanta nikai l. excels the whole account, i.e. is best of all, S.OC 1225 (lyr.); dontas l. t˘n epoiêsan accounting for, i.e. paying the penalty for their doings, Hdt.8.100; l. aitein Pl.Plt.285e ; l. dounai kai dexasthai Id.Prt.336c , al.; lambanein l. kai elenchein Id.Men.75d ; paraschein t˘n eirêmen˘n l. Id.R.344d ; l. apaitein D.30.15 , cf. Arist. EN1104a3; l. hupechein, dounai, D.19.95; l. engrapsai Id.24.199 , al.; l. apopherein têi polei Aeschin.3.22 , cf. Eu. Luc.16.2, Ep.Hebr.13.17; to paradoxon t˘n sumbebêkot˘n hupo logon agein Plb.15.34.2 ; l. hê epistêmê, polla de ho l. the account is manifold, Plot.6.9.4; ech˘n logon tou dia ti an account of the cause, Arist.APo.74b27; es l. tinos on account of, es chrêmat˘n l. Th.3.46 , cf. Plb.5.89.6, LXX 2 Ma1.14, JRS 18.152 (Jerash); log˘i c. gen., by way of, Cod.Just.3.2.5. al.; kata logon tou megethous if we take into account his size, Arist.HA517b27; pros hon hêmin ho l. Ep.Hebr.4.13 , cf. D.Chr.31.123.

3. measure, tale (cf. infr. 11.1), thalassa . . metreetai es ton auton l. hokoios prosthen Heraclit.31 ; psuchês esti l. heauton aux˘n Id.115 ; es toutou (sc. gêraos) l. ou polloi tines apikneontai to the point of old age, Hdt.3.99, cf.7.9.b; ho xumpas l. the full tale, Th.7.56, cf. Ep.Phil.4.15; koin˘i l. nomisanta common measure, Pl.Lg.746e; sum, total of expenditure, IG42(1).103.151 (Epid., iv B.C.); ho tês ousias l., = Lat. patrimonii modus, Cod.Just.1.5.12.20.

4. esteem, consideration, value put on a person or thing (cf. infr. VI. 2 d), hou plei˘n l. ê t˘n all˘n who is of more worth than all the rest, Heraclit.39; brot˘n l. ouk eschen ouden' A.Pr.233; ou smikrou l. S.OC1163 : freq. in Hdt., Mardoniou l. oudeis ginetai 8.102 ; t˘n ên elachistos apollumen˘n l. 4.135 , cf. E.Fr.94; peri emou oudeis l. Ar.Ra.87 ; logou oudenos ginesthai pros tinos to be of no account, repute with.., Hdt.1.120, cf.4.138; logou poiêsasthai tina make one of account, Id.1.33; elachistou, pleistou l. einai, to be highly, lowly esteemed, Id.1.143, 3.146; but also logon tinos poieisthai, like Lat. rationem habere alicujus, make account of, set a value on, Democr.187, etc.: usu. in neg. statements, oudena l. poiêsasthai tinos Hdt.1.4 , cf. 13, Plb.21.14.9, etc.; l. echein Hdt.1.62 ,115; l. ischein peri tinos Pl.Ti.87c ; l. echein peri tous poiêtas Lycurg.107 ; l. echein tinos D.18.199 , Arist.EN1102b32, Plu.Phil.18 (but also, have the reputation of . . , v. infr. VI. 2 e); en oudeni l. poiêsasthai ti Hdt.3.50 ; en oudeni l. ap˘lonto without regard, Id.9.70; en smikr˘i l. einai Pl.R.550a ; humeis out' en l. out' en arithm˘i Orac. ap. Sch.Theoc.14.48; en andr˘n l. [einai] to be reckoned, count as a man, Hdt.3.120; en idi˘te˘ log˘i kai atimou reckoned as . . , Eus.Mynd.Fr. 59; semnos eis aretês l. kai doxês D.19.142 .

II. relation, correspondence, proportion,

1. generally, huperteriês l. relation (of gold to lead), Thgn.418 = 1164; pros logon tou sêmatos A.Th.519 ; kata logon probainontes tim˘si in inverse ratio, Hdt.1.134, cf. 7.36; kata l. tês apophorês Id.2.109 ; talla kata l. in like fashion, Hp.VM16, Prog.17: c. gen., kata l. t˘n prosthen ib. 24; kata l. t˘n hêmer˘n Ar. Nu.619 ; kata l. tês duname˘s X. Cyr.8.6.11 ; elatt˘ ê kata l. Arist. HA508a2 , cf. PA671a18; ek tautês egeneto ekeinê kata l. Id.Pol. 1257a31 ; cf. eulogos: sts. with ho autos added, kata ton auton l. t˘i teicheï in fashion like to . . , Hdt.1.186; peri t˘n nos˘n ho autos l. analogously, Pl.Tht.158d, cf. Prm.136b, al.; eis ton auton l. similarly, Id.R.353d; kata ton auton l. in the same ratio, IG12.76.8; by parity of reasoning, Pl.Cra.393c, R.610a, al.; ana logon tinos, tini, Id.Ti.29c, Alc.2.145d; touton echei ton l. pros . . hon hê paideia pros tên aretên is related to . . as . . , Procl.in Euc.p.20 F., al.

2. Math., ratio, proportion (ho kat' analogon l., l. tês analogias, Theo Sm.p.73 H.), Pythag. 2; isotês log˘n Arist.EN113a31 ; l. esti duo megeth˘n hê kata pêlikotêta poia schesis Euc.5 Def.3; t˘n harmoni˘n tous l. Arist.Metaph.985b32 , cf. 1092b14; logoi arithm˘n numerical ratios, Aristox.Harm.p.32 M.; tous phthongous anankaion en arithmou l. legesthai pros allêlous to be expressed in numerical ratios, Euc.Sect.Can. ProŰm.: in Metre, ratio between arsis and thesis, by which the rhythm is defined, Aristox.Harm.p.34 M.; ean êi ischurotera tou aisthêtêriou hê kinêsis, luetai ho l. Arist.de An. 424a31 ; ana logon analogically, Archyt.2; ana l. meristheisa [hê psuchê] proportionally, Pl. Ti.37a; so kata l. Men.319.6 ; pros logon in proportion, Plb.6.30.3, 9.15.3 (but pros logon epi stenon sunagetai narrows uniformly, Sor. 1.9, cf. Diocl.Fr.171); epi logon IG5(1).1428 (Messene).

3. Gramm., analogy, rule, t˘i l. t˘n metochik˘n, tês sunkopês, by the rule of the participles, of syncope, Choerob. in Theod.1.75 Gaisf., 1.377 H.; eipe moi ton l. tou Aias Aiantos, toutesti ton kanona An.Ox. 4.328 .

III. explanation,

1. plea, pretext, ground, ek tinos l.; A.Ch.515; ex oudenos l. S.Ph.731 ; apo pantos l. Id.OC762 ; ch˘ l. kalos prosên Id.Ph.352 ; sun aphanei l. Id.OT657 (lyr., v.l. log˘n); en aphanei l. Antipho 5.59 ; epi toiout˘i l. Hdt.6.124 ; kata tina l.; on what ground? Pl.R.366b; oude pros hena l. to no purpose, Id.Prt. 343d; epi tini l.; for what reason? X.HG2.2.19; ton l. touton this ground of complaint, Aeschin.3.228; tini dikai˘i l.; what just cause is there? Pl.Grg.512c; tini l.; on what account? Act.Ap.10.29; kata logon an êneschomên hum˘n reason would that . . , ib.18.14; l. echein, with personal subject, eichon an tina l. I (i.e. my conduct) would have admitted of an explanation, Pl.Ap.31b; ton orthon l. the true explanation, ib.34b.

b. plea, case, in Law or argument (cf. VIII. I), ton hêtt˘ l. kreitt˘ poiein to make the weaker case prevail, ib.18b, al., Arist.Rh.1402a24, cf. Ar.Nu.1042 (pl.); personified, ib.886, al.; amuneis t˘i tês hêdonês l. Pl.Phlb.38a ; anoiseis tous l. aut˘n pros ton theon LXXEx.18.19 ; echein l. pros tina to have a case, ground of action against . . , Act.Ap.19.38.

2. statement of a theory, argument, ouk emeu alla tou l. akousantas prob. in Heraclit.50; logon êde noêma amphis alêtheiês discourse and reflection on reality, Parm.8.50; dêloi houtos ho l. hoti . . Democr.7; ouk echei logon it is not arguable, i.e. reasonable, S.El.466, Pl.Phd.62d, etc.; echei l. D.44.32 ; oudeis auta katabalei l. E.Ba.202 ; dikason . . ton l. akousas Pl.Lg.696b ; personified, phêsi houtos ho l. ib.714d, cf. Sph.238b, Phlb.50a; h˘s ho l. (sc. legei) Arist.EN1115b12; h˘s ho l. ho orthos legei ib. 1138b20, cf. 29; ho l. thelei prosbibazein Phld.Rh.1.41 , cf.1.19 S.; ou gar an akouseie logou apotrepontos Arist.EN1179b27 ; l. kathair˘n Aristo Stoic.1.88 ; logou tunchanein to be explained, Phld.Mus.p.77 K.; ho ton l. mou akou˘n my teaching, Ev.Jo.5.24; ho prophêtikos l., collect., of VT prophecy, 2 Ep.Pet.1.19: pl., hokos˘n logous êkousa Heraclit.108 ; ouk epitheto tois emois l. Ar.Nu.73 ; of arguments leading to a conclusion ( [ho l.] ), Pl. Cri.46b; ta Anaxagorou biblia gemei tout˘n t˘n l. Id.Ap.26d ; l. apo t˘n arch˘n, epi tas archas, Arist.EN1095a31; sullogismos esti l. en h˘i tethent˘n tin˘n ktl. Id.APr.24b18; l. antitupos te kai aporos, of a self-contradictory theory, Plot.6.8.7.

b. ho peri the˘n l., title of a discourse by Protagoras, D.L.9.54; ho Achilleus l., name of an argument, ib.23; ho auxomenos l. Plu.2.559b ; kataballontes (sc. logoi), title of work by Protagoras, S.E.M.7.60; l. sophistikoi Arist.SE 165a34 , al.; hoi mathêmatikoi l. Id.Rh.1417a19 , etc.; hoi ex˘terikoi l., current outside the Lyceum, Id.Ph.217b31, al.; Dissoi l., title of a philosophical treatise (= Dialex.); L. kai Logina, name of play of Epicharmus, quibble, argument, personified, Ath.8.338d.

c. in Logic, proposition, whether as premiss or conclusion, protasis esti l. kataphatikos ê apophatikos tinos kata tinos Arist.APr.24a16 .

d. rule, principle, law, as embodying the result of logismos, Pi.O.2.22, P.1.35, N.4.31; peithesthai t˘i l. hos an moi logizomen˘i beltistos phainêtai Pl.Cri.46b , cf. c; hêdonas tois orthois l. hepomenas obeying right principles, Id.Lg.696c; proairese˘s [archê] orexis kai l. ho heneka tinos principle directed to an end, Arist.EN1139a32; of the final cause, archê ho l. en te tois kata technên kai en tois phusei sunestêkosin Id.PA639b15 ; apodidoasi tous l. kai tas aitias hou poiousi hekastou ib.18; [technê] hexis meta l. alêthous poiêtikê Id.EN1140a10 ; orthos l. true principle, right rule, ib.1144b27, 1147b3, al.; kata logon by rule, consistently, ho kata l. z˘n Pl.Lg.689d , cf. Ti.89d; to kata l. zên, opp. kata pathos, Arist.EN1169a5; kata l. proch˘rein according to plan, Plb.1.20.3.

3. law, rule of conduct, h˘i malista diênek˘s homilousi log˘i Heraclit.72 ; polloi logon mê mathontes z˘si kata logon Democr.53 ; dei huparchein ton l. ton katholou tois archousin universal principle, Arist.Pol.1286a17; ho nomos . . l. ˘n apo tinos phronêse˘s kai nou Id.EN1180a21 ; ho nomos . . empsuchos ˘n heaut˘i l. conscience, Plu. 2.780c; ton l. procheiron echein precept, Phld.Piet.30, cf. 102; ho prostaktikos t˘n poiête˘n ê mê l. koinos M.Ant.4.4 .

4. thesis, hypothesis, provisional ground, h˘s an ei legoi logon maintain a thesis, Pl. Prt.344b; hupothemenos hekastote l. provisionally assuming a proposition, Id.Phd.100a; ton tês homoiotêtos l. hypothesis of equivalence, Arist.Cael.296a20.

5. reason, ground, pant˘n ginomen˘n kata ton l. tonde Heraclit.1 ; hout˘ bathun l. echei Id.45 ; ek logou, opp. matên, Leucipp. 2; megiston sêmeion houtos ho l. Meliss.8 ; [empeiria] ouk echei l. oudena h˘n prospherei has no grounds for . . , Pl.Grg.465a; meta logou [p. 1058] te kai epistêmês theias Id.Sph.265c ; hê meta logou alêthês doxa ( [ epistêmê] ) Id.Tht.201c; logon zêtousin h˘n ouk esti l. proof, Arist. Metaph.1011a12; hoi hapant˘n zêtountes l. anairousi l. Thphr.Metaph. 26 .

6. formula (wider than definition, but freq. equivalent thereto), term expressing reason, l. tês politeias Pl.R.497c ; psuchês ousia te kai l. essential definition, Id.Phdr.245e; ho tou dikaiou l. Id.R.343a ; ton l. tês ousias ib.534b, cf. Phd.78d; tas pollas epistêmas heni l. proseipein Id.Tht.148d ; ho tês oikodomêse˘s l. echei ton tês oikias Arist. PA646b3 ; tetheiê an idion onoma kath' hekaston t˘n l. Id.Metaph.1006b5 , cf. 1035b4; pas horismos l. tis esti Id.Top.102a5 ; epi t˘n schêmat˘n l. koinos generic definition, Id.de An.414b23; akribestatos l. specific definition, Id.Pol.1276b24; pêgês l. echon Ph.2.477 ; to ˘ion oute archês echei l. fulfils the function of . . , Plu.2.637d; l. tês mixe˘s formula, i. e. ratio (cf. supr. II) of combination, Arist.PA642a22, cf. Metaph.993a17.

7. reason, law exhibited in the world-process, kata logon by law, kosm˘i panta kai kata l. echonta Pl.R.500c ; kat ton l. by the same law, Epich.170.18; psuchês to pan tode dioikousês kata l. Plot.2.3.13 ; esp. in Stoic Philos., the divine order, ton tou pantos l. hon enioi heimarmenên kalousin Zeno Stoic.1.24 ; to poioun ton en [têi hulêi] l. ton theon ibid., cf. 42; ho tou kosmou l. Chrysipp.Stoic.2.264 ; logos, = phusei nomos, Stoic.2.169; kata ton koinon theois kai anthr˘pois l. M.Ant.7.53 ; ho orthos l. dia pant˘n erchomenos Chrysipp.Stoic.3.4 : so in Plot., tên phusin einai logon, hos poiei l. allon gennêma hautou 3.8.2 .

b. spermatikos l. generative principle in organisms, ho theos sp. l. tou kosmou Zeno Stoic.1.28 : usu. in pl., Stoic. 2.205,314,al.; ginetai ta en t˘i panti ou kata spermatikous, alla kata l. perilêptikous Plot.3.1.7 , cf.4.4.39: so without spermatikos, h˘sper tines l. t˘n mer˘n Cleanth.Stoic.1.111 ; hoi l. t˘n hol˘n Ph.1.9 .

c. in Neo-Platonic Philos., of regulative and formative forces, derived from the intelligible and operative in the sensible universe, ont˘n meizon˘n l. kai the˘rount˘n hautous eg˘ gegennêmai Plot.3.8.4 ; hoi en spermati l. plattousi . . ta z˘ia hoion mikrous tinas kosmous Id.4.3.10 , cf.3.2.16,3.5.7; opp. horos, Id.6.7.4; aphaneis l. tês phuse˘s Procl. in R.1.18 K.; technikoi l. ib.142 K., al.

IV. inward debate of the soul (cf. l. hon autê pros hautên hê psuchê diexerchetai Pl.Tht.189e (dialogos in Sph.263e); ho en têi psuchêi, ho es˘ l. (opp. ho ex˘ l.), Arist.APo.76b25, 27; ho endiathetos, opp. ho prophorikos l., Stoic.2.43, Ph.2.154),

1. thinking, reasoning, tou l. eontos xunou, opp. idia phronêsis, Heraclit. 2; krinai de log˘i . . elenchon test by reflection, Parm.1.36; reflection, deliberation (cf. VI.3), edidou logon he˘ut˘i peri tês opsios Hdt.1.209 , cf. 34, S.OT583, D.45.7; mê eidenai . . mête log˘i mête erg˘i neither by reasoning nor by experience, Anaxag.7; ha dê log˘i men kai dianoiai lêpta, opsei d' ou Pl.R.529d , cf. Prm.135e; ho l. ê hê aisthêsis Arist.EN 1149a35 ,al.; aut˘i monon t˘i l. pisteuein (opp. aisthêseis), of Parmenides and his school, Aristocl. ap. Eus.PE14.17: hence log˘i or t˘i l. in idea, in thought, t˘i l. temnein Pl.R.525e ; t˘i l. duo estin, ach˘rista pephukota two in idea, though indistinguishable in fact, Arist. EN1102a30, cf. GC320b14, al.; log˘i the˘rêta mentally conceived, opp. sensibly perceived, Placit.1.3.5, cf. Demetr.Lac.Herc.1055.20; tous l. the˘rêtous chronous Epicur.Ep.1p.19U. ; dia logou th. ch. ib.p.10 U.; log˘i katalêptos Phld.Po.5.20 , etc.; ho l. hout˘ haireei analogy proves, Hdt.2.33; ho l. or l. haireei reasoning convinces, Id.3.45,6.124, cf. Pl.Cri.48c (but, our argument shows, Lg.663d): also c. acc. pers., chratai ho ti min l. haireei as the whim took him, Hdt.1.132; ên mê hêmeas l. hairêi unless we see fit, Id.4.127, cf. Pl.R.607b; later ho hair˘n l. ordaining reason, Zeno Stoic.1.50, M.Ant.2.5, cf. 4.24, Arr.Epict. 2.2.20, etc.: coupled or contrasted with other functions, kath' hupnon epeidê logou kai phronêse˘s ou meteiche since reason and understanding are in abeyance, Pl.Ti.71d; meta logou te kai epistêmês, opp. aitia automatê, of Nature's processes of production, Id.Sph.265c; to men dê noêsei meta logou perilêpton embraced by thought with reflection, opp. met' aisthêse˘s alogou, Id.Ti.28a; to men aei met' alêthous l., opp. to de alogon, ib.51e, cf. 70d, al.; l. ech˘n hepomenon t˘i noein Id.Phlb. 62a ; epistêmê enousa kai orthos l. scientific knowledge and right process of thought, Id.Phd.73a; pas l. kai pasa epistêmê t˘n katholou Arist.Metaph.1059b26 ; to logon echon Id.EN1102b15 , 1138b9, al.: in sg. and pl., contrasted by Pl. and Arist. as theory, abstract reasoning with outward experience, sts. with depreciatory emphasis on the former, eis tous l. kataphugonta Pl.Phd.99e ; ton en logois skopoumenon ta onta, opp. ton en ergois (realities), ib.100a; têi aisthêsei mallon t˘n l. pisteuteon Arist.GA760b31 ; gn˘rim˘tera kata ton l., opp. kata tên aisthêsin, Id.Ph.189a4; ek t˘n l. dêlon, opp. ek tês epag˘gês, Id.Mete.378b20; hê t˘n l. pistis, opp. ek t˘n erg˘n phaneron, Id.Pol.1326a29; hê pistis ou monon epi tês aisthêse˘s alla kai epi tou l. Id.Ph.262a19 ; marturei ta gignomena tois l. Id.Pol.1334a6 ; ho men l. tou katholou, hê de aisthêsis tou kata meros explanation, opp. perception, Id.Ph.189a7; esontai tois l. hai praxeis akolouthoi theory, opp. practice, Epicur.Sent.25; in Logic, of discursive reasoning, opp. intuition, Arist.EN1142a26, 1143b1; reasoning in general, ib.1149a26; pas l. kai pasa apodeixis all reasoning and demonstration, Id.Metaph.1063b10; l. kai phronêsin Phld.Mus.p.105 K.; ho l. ê logismos ibid.; to idein ouketi l., alla meizon logou kai pro logou, of mystical vision, opp. reasoning, Plot.6.9.10.--Phrases, kata l. ton eikota by probable reasoning, Pl.Ti.30b; oukoun ton g' eikota l. an echoi Id.Lg.647d ; para logon, opp. kata l., Arist.Rh.Al.1429a29, cf. EN 1167b19; cf. paralogos (but para l. unexpectedly, E.Ba.940).

2. reason as a faculty, ho l. anthr˘pous kubernai [Epich.] 256; [thumoeides] tou l. katêkoon Pl.Ti.70a ; [thumos] hupo tou l. anaklêtheis Id.R.440d ; summachon t˘i l. ton thumon ib. b; peitharchei t˘i l. to tou enkratous Arist. EN 1102b26 ; allo ti para ton l. pephukos, ho machetai t˘i l. ib.17; enanti˘sis logou pros epithumias Plot.4.7.13(8) ; ou thumos, ouk epithumia, oude l. oude tis noêsis Id.6.9.11 : freq. in Stoic. Philos. of human Reason, opp. phantasia, Zeno Stoic.1.39; opp. phusis, Stoic.2.206; ou sophia oude l. estin en [tois z˘iois] ibid.; tois alogois z˘iois h˘s l. ech˘n l. mê echousi chr˘ M.Ant.6.23 ; ho l. koinon pros tous theous Arr.Epict. 1.3.3 ; hoion [eik˘n] l. ho en prophorai logou tou en psuchêi, hout˘ kai autê l. nou Plot.5.1.3 ; to ton l. schein tên oikeian aretên (sc. eudaimonian) Procl.in Ti.3.334 D.; also of the reason which pervades the universe, theios l. [Epich.] 257; ton theion l. kath' Hêrakleiton di' anapnoês spasantes noeroi ginometha S.E.M.7.129 (cf. infr. x).

b. creative reason, adunaton ên logon mê ouk epi panta elthein Plot.3.2.14 ; archê oun l. kai panta l. kai ta ginomena kat' auton Id.3.2.15 ; hoi l. pantes psuchai Id.3.2.18 .

V. continuous statement, narrative (whether fact or fiction), oration, etc. (cf. leg˘ (B) 11.2),

1. fable, Hdt.1.141; Ais˘pou logoi Pl.Phd.60d , cf. Arist.Rh.1393b8; ho tou kunos l. X.Mem. 2.7.13 .

2. legend, hiros l. Hdt.2.62 , cf. 47, Pi.P.3.80 (pl.); sunthentes l. E.Ba.297 ; l. theios Pl.Phd.85d ; hieroi l., of Orphic rhapsodies, Suid. S.V. Orpheus.

3. tale, story, allon epeimi l. Xenoph. 7.1 , cf. Th.1.97, etc.; sunthetous l. A.Pr.686 ; spoudên logou urgent tidings, E.Ba.663; allos l. 'another story', Pl.Ap.34e; homologoumenos ho l. estin the story is consistent, Isoc.3.27: pl., histories, en toisi Assurioisi l. Hdt.1.184 , cf. 106, 2.99; so in sg., a historical work, Id.2.123, 6.19,7.152: also in sg., one section of such a work (like later biblos), Id.2.38,6.39, cf. VI.3d; so in pl., en toisi Libukoisi l. Id.2.161 , cf. 1.75,5.22,7.93,213; en t˘i pr˘t˘i t˘n l. Id.5.36 ; ho pr˘tos l., of St. Luke's gospel, Act.Ap.1.1: in Pl., opp. muthos, as history to legend, Ti.26e; poiein muthous all' ou logous Phd.61b , cf. Grg.523a (but muthon legein, opp. log˘i (argument) diexelthein Prt. 320c , cf. 324d); peri log˘n kai muth˘n Arist.Pol.1336a30 ; ho l . . . muthos esti Ael.NA4.34 .

4. speech, delivered in court, assembly, etc., chrêsomai têi tou l. taxei tautêi Aeschin.3.57 , cf. Arist.Rh.1358a38; dikanikoi l. Id.EN1181a4 ; tria genê t˘n l. t˘n rhêtorik˘n, sumbouleutikon, dikanikon, epideiktikon Id.Rh.1358b7 ; t˘i grapsanti ton l. Thphr. Char.17.8 , cf. logographos 11 ; epitaphios l. funeral oration, Pl.Mx.236b; esp. of the body of a speech, opp. epilogos, Arist.Rh.1420b3; opp. prooimion, ib.1415a12; body of a law, opp. proem, Pl.Lg.723b; spoken, opp. written word, ton tou eidotos l. z˘nta kai empsuchon hou ho gegrammenos eid˘lon ti Id.Phdr.276a ; ho ek tou bibliou rhêtheis [l.] speech read from a roll, ib.243c; published speech, D.C.40.54; rarely of the speeches in Tragedy ( [rhêseis] ), Arist.Po.1450b6,9.

VI. verbal expression or utterance (cf. leg˘ (B) 111), rarely a single word, v. infr. b, never in Gramm. signf. of vocable ( [epos, lexis, onoma, rhêma] ), usu. of a phrase, cf. IX. 3 (the only sense found in Ep.).

a. pl., without Art., talk, ton eterpe logois Il.15.393 ; haimulioi l. Od.1.56 , h.Merc. 317, Hes.Th.890, Op.78,789, Thgn.704, A.R.3.1141; pseudeis L., personified, Hes.Th.229; aphrodisioi l. Semon.7.91 ; aganoisi l. Pi.P. 4.101 ; opson de l. phthoneroisin tales, Id.N.8.21; smikroi l. brief words, S.Aj.1268 (s.v.l.), El.415; dokêsis agn˘s log˘n bred of talk, Id.OT 681 (lyr.): also in sg., leg' ei soi t˘i l. tis hêdonê speak if thou delightest in talking, Id.El.891.

b. sg., expression, phrase, prin eipein esthlon ê kakon l. Id.Ant.1245 , cf. E.Hipp.514; murias h˘s eipein log˘i Hdt.2.37 ; makros l. rigmarole, Simon.189, Arist.Metaph.1091a8; l. êrema lechtheis diethêke to porr˘ a whispered message, Plot.4.9.3; heni log˘i to sum up, in brief phrase, Pl.Phdr.241e, Phd.65d; concisely, Arist. EN1103b21 (but also, = hapl˘s, peri pant˘n heni l. Id.GC325a1): pl., l. thelktêrioi magic words, E.Hipp.478; rarely of single words, l. eusunthetos hoion to "chronotribein" Arist.Rh.1406a36 ; ouk apekrithê autêi l. answered her not a word, Ev.Matt.15.23.

c. coupled or contrasted with words expressed or understood signifying act, fact, truth, etc., mostly in a depreciatory sense, l. ergou skiê Democr. 145 ; h˘sper mikron paida logois m' apatais Thgn.254 ; log˘i, opp. erg˘i, Democr.82, etc.; nêpioisi ou l. alla xumphorê didaskalos Id.76 ; erg˘i kou log˘i tekmairomai A.Pr.338 , cf. S.El.59, OC782; log˘i men legousi . . erg˘i de ouk apodeiknusi Hdt.4.8 ; ou log˘n, phasin, hê agorê deitai, chalk˘n de Herod.7.49 ; oute l. oute erg˘i Lys.9.14 ; logois, opp. psêph˘i, Aeschin.2.33; opp. no˘i, Hdt.2.100; ou log˘i math˘n E.Heracl.5 ; ek log˘n, kouphou pragmatos Pl.Lg.935a ; logoisi eis to pithanon peripepemmena ib.886e, cf. Luc.Anach.19; hina mê l. oiêsthe einai, all' eidête tên alêtheian Lycurg.23 , cf. D.30.34; opp. pragma, Arist.Top.146a4; opp. bia, Id.EN1179b29, cf. 1180a5; opp. onta, Pl.Phd.100a; opp. gn˘sis, 2 Ep.Cor.11.6; log˘i in pretence, Hdt.1.205, Pl.R.361b,376d, Ti.27a, al.; logou heneka merely as a matter of words, all˘s heneka l. elegeto Id.Cri.46d ; logou charin, opp. h˘s alêth˘s, Arist.Pol.1280b8; but also, let us say, for instance, Id.EN1144a33, Plb.10.46.4, Phld. Sign.29, M.Ant.4.32; logou heneka let us suppose, Pl.Tht.191c; he˘s logou, mechri l., = Lat. verbo tenus, Plb.10.24.7, Epict.Ench.16: sts. without depreciatory force, the antithesis or parallelism being verbal (cf. 'word and deed'), log˘i te kai sthenei S.OC68 ; en te erg˘i kai l. Pl.R.382e , cf. D.S.13.101, Ev.Luc.24.19, Act.Ap.7.22, Paus.2.16.2; hosa men log˘i eipon, opp. ta erga t˘n prachthent˘n, Th. 1.22.

2. common talk, report, tradition, h˘s l. en thnêtoisin eên Batr. 8 ; l. ek pater˘n Alc.71 ; ouk est' etumos l. houtos Stesich.32 ; dixos legetai l. Hdt.3.32 ; l. hup' Aigupti˘n legomenos Id.2.47 ; neon [l.] tidings, S.Ant.1289 (lyr.); ta men autoi h˘r˘men, ta de logoisi epunthanometha by hearsay, Hdt.2.148: also in pl., en grammasin logoi keimenoi traditions, Pl.Lg.886b.

b. rumour, epi panti l. eptoêsthai Heraclit. 87 ; audaeis l. voice of rumour, B.14.44; peri the˘n diêlthen ho l. hoti . . Th.6.46; l. pareichen h˘s . . Plb.3.89.3; exêlthen ho l. houtos eis tinas [p. 1059] hoti . . Ev.Jo.21.23, cf. Act.Ap.11.22; fiction, Ev.Matt.28.15.

c. mention, notice, description, ouk huei logou axion ouden worth mentioning, Hdt.4.28, cf. Plb.1.24.8, etc.; erga logou mez˘ beyond expression, Hdt.2.35; kreisson logou to eidos tês nosou beyond description, Th. 2.50; meiz˘ erga ê h˘s t˘i l. tis an eipoi D.6.11 .

d. the talk one occasions, repute, mostly in good sense, good report, praise, honour (cf. supr. 1.4), polla pherein ei˘the l. . . ptaismata Thgn.1221 ; l. eslon akousai Pi.I.5(4).13 ; pleona . . l. Odusseos ê pathan Id.N.7.21 ; hina l. se echêi pros anthr˘p˘n agathos Hdt.7.5 , cf. 9.78; Troian . . hês hapantachou l. whose fame, story fills the world, E.IT517; ouk an ên l. sethen Id.Med.541 : less freq. in bad sense, evil report, l. kakothrous, kakos, S. Aj.138 (anap.), E.Heracl.165: pl., logous psithurous plass˘n slanders, S.Aj.148 (anap.).

e. l. esti, echei, katechei, the story goes, c. acc. et inf., est tis l. tan Aretan naiein Simon.58.1 , cf. S.El.417; l. men est' archaios h˘s . . Id.Tr.1; l. alone, E.Heracl.35; h˘s l. A.Supp.230 , Pl. Phlb.65c, etc.; l. esti Hdt.7.129 ,9.26, al.; l. aien echei S.OC1573 (lyr.); hoson ho l. katechei tradition prevails, Th.1.10: also with a personal subject in the reverse construction. Kleisthenês l. echei tên Puthiên anapeisai has the credit of . . , Hdt.5.66, cf. Pl.Epin.987b, 988b; l. echonta sophias Ep.Col.2.23 , v.supr.1.4.

3. discussion, debate, deliberation, pollos ên en toisi l. Hdt.8.59 ; sunelechthêsan hoi Mêdoi es t˘uto kai edidosan sphisi logon, legontes peri t˘n katêkont˘n Id.1.97 ; hoi Pelasgoi he˘utoisi logous edidosan Id.6.138 ; polem˘i mallon ê logois ta enklêmata dialuesthai Th.1.140 ; hoi peri tês eirênês l. Aeschin.2.74 ; tois ex˘then l. peplêr˘ke ton l. [Plato] has filled his dialogue with extraneous discussions, Arist.Pol.1264b39; to mêkos t˘n l. D.Chr.7.131 ; metabain˘n ho l. eis tauton aphiktai our debate, Arist.EN1097a24; ho par˘n l. ib.1104a11; the˘n h˘n nun ho l. esti discussion, Pl.Ap.26b, cf. Tht. 184a, M.Ant.8.32; t˘i l. dielthein, diïenai, Pl.Prt.329c, Grg.506a, etc.; ton l. diexelthein conduct the debate, Id.Lg.893a; xunelthein es logon confer, Ar.Eq.1300: freq. in pl., es logous sunelthontes parley, Hdt. 1.82; es l. elthein tini have speech with, ib.86; es l. apikesthai tini Id.2.32 ; dia log˘n ienai E.Tr.916 ; emautêi dia l. aphikomên Id.Med.872 ; es l. agein tina X.HG4.1.2 ; koin˘nein log˘n kai dianoias Arist.EN 1170b12 .

b. right of discussion or speech, ê 'pi t˘i plêthei l.; S.OC 66; l. aitêsasthai ask leave to speak, Th.3.53; l. didonai X.HG5.2.20 ; ou proutethê sphisin l. kata ton nomon ib.1.7.5; logou tuchein D.18.13 , cf. Arist.EN1095b21, Plb.18.52.1; hoi logou tous doulous aposterountes Arist.Pol.1260b5 ; doulos pephukas, ou metesti soi logou Trag.Adesp.304 ; didontas l. kai dechomenous en t˘i merei Luc.Pisc.8 : hence, time allowed for a speech, en t˘i em˘i l. And.1.26 ,al.; en t˘i heautou l. Pl.Ap.34a ; ouk elatt˘ l. anêl˘ke D.18.9 .

c. dialogue, as a form of philosophical debate, hina mê mach˘metha en tois l. eg˘ te kai su Pl. Cra.430d ; pros allêlous tous l. poieisthai Id.Prt.348a : hence, dialogue as a form of literature, hoi S˘kratikoi l. Arist.Po.1447b11 , Rh. 1417a20; cf. dialogos.

d. section, division of a dialogue or treatise (cf. v. 3), ho pr˘tos l. Pl.Prm.127d ; ho prosthen, ho parelth˘n l., Id.Phlb.18e, 19b; en tois pr˘tois l. Arist.PA682a3 ; en tois peri kinêse˘s l. in the discussion of motion (i. e. Ph.bk.8), Id.GC318a4; en t˘i peri epainou l. Phld.Rh.1.219 ; branch, department, division of a system of philosophy, tên phronêsin ek tri˘n sunestêkenai l., t˘n phusik˘n kai t˘n êthik˘n kai t˘n logik˘n Chrysipp.Stoic.2.258 .

e. in pl., literature, letters, Pl.Ax.365b, Epin.975d, D.H.Comp.1,21 (but, also in pl., treatises, Plu.2.16c); hoi epi logois eudokim˘tatoi Hdn.6.1.4 ; Logoi, personified, AP9.171 (Pall.).

VII. a particular utterance, saying:

1. divine utterance, oracle, Pi.P.4.59; l. mantikoi Pl. Phdr.275b ; ou gar emon er˘ ton l. Pl.Ap.20e ; ho l. tou theou Apoc.1.2 ,9.

2. proverb, maxim, saying, Pi.N.9.6, A.Th.218; h˘d' echei l. ib.225; tond' ekainisen l. h˘s . . Critias 21, cf. Pl.R.330a, Ev.Jo.4.37; ho palaios l. Pl.Phdr.240c , cf. Smp.195b, Grg.499c, Lg.757a, 1 Ep.Ti.1.15, Plu.2.1082e, Luc.Alex.9, etc.; to tou logou dê touto Herod.2.45 , cf. D.Chr.66.24, Luc.JTr.3, Alciphr.3.56, etc.: pl., Arist.EN1147a21.

3. assertion, opp. oath, S.OC651; psil˘i l. bare word, opp. marturia, D.27.54.

4. express resolution, koin˘i l. by common consent, Hdt.1.141,al.; epi l. toi˘ide, ep' h˘i te . . on the following terms, Id.7.158, cf. 9.26; endexasthai ton l. Id.1.60 , cf. 9.5; l. echontes pleonektên a greedy proposal, Id.7.158: freq. in pl., terms, conditions, Id.9.33, etc.

5. word of command, behest, A.Pr.17,40 (both pl.), Pers.363; anthr˘pous pithan˘terous poiein log˘i X.Oec.13.9 ; exebale ta pneumata log˘i Ev.Matt.8.16 ; hoi deka l. the ten Commandments, LXX Ex.34.28, Ph.1.496.

VIII. thing spoken of, subject-matter (cf. 111.1 b and 2), l. touton easomen Thgn.1055 ; propepusmenos panta l. the whole matter, Hdt.1.21, cf. 111; ton eonta l. the truth of the matter, ib.95,116; metaschein tou l. to be in the secret, ib.127; mêdeni all˘i ton l. touton ei^pêis Id.8.65 ; tis ên l.; S.OT684 ( = pragma, 699); peri tinos l. dielegometha subject, question, Pl.Prt.314c; [to prooimion] deigma tou l. case, Arist.Rh.1415a12, cf. 111.1b; telos de pantos tou l. psêphizontai the end of the matter was that . . , Aeschin.3.124; ouk estexe ton l. Plb.8.12.5 ; ouk esti soi meris oude klêros en t˘i l. tout˘i Act.Ap.8.21 ; hikanos aut˘i ho l. Pl.Grg.512c ; ouch hupoleipei [Gorgian] ho l. matter for talk, Arist.Rh.1418a35; mêdena l. hupolipein Isoc.4.146 ; pros logon to the point, apposite, ouden pros l. Pl.Phlb.42e , cf. Prt.344a; ean pros l. ti êi Id.Phlb.33c ; also pros logou Id.Grg.459c (s. v.l.).

2. plot of a narrative or dramatic poem, = muthos, Arist.Po.1455b17, al.

b. in Art, subject of a painting, z˘graphias logoi Philostr.VA 6.10 ; l. tês graphês Id.Im.1.25 .

3. thing talked of, event, meta tous l. toutous LXX 1 Ma.7.33 , cf. Act.Ap.15.6.

IX. expression, utterance, speech regarded formally, to apo [psuchês] rheuma dia tou stomatos ion meta phthongou l., opp. dianoia, Pl.Sph.263e; intelligent utterance, opp. ph˘nê, Arist.Pol.1253a14; l. esti ph˘nê sêmantikê kata sunthêkên Id.Int.16b26 , cf. Diog.Bab.Stoic.3.213; hothen (from the heart) ho l. anapempetai Stoic.2.228 , cf. 244; Protagoras was nicknamed logos, Hsch. ap. Sch.Pl.R.600c, Suid.; logou peithoi Democr.181 : in pl., eloquence, Isoc.3.3,9.11; tên en logois euruthmian Epicur.Sent.Pal.5p.69 v. d. M.; l. akribês precise language, Ar.Nu.130 (pl.), cf. Arist.Rh. 1418b1; tou mê aidomenou l. Pl.R.398d ; hêdusmenos l., of rhythmical language set to music, Arist.Po.1449b25; en panti l. in all manner of utterance, 1 Ep.Cor.1.5; en logois in orations, Arist.Po.1459a13; l. geloioi, aschêmones, ludicrous, improper speech, Id.SE182b15, Pol. 1336b14.

2. of various modes of expression, esp. artistic and literary, en te ˘idais kai muthois kai logois Pl.Lg.664a ; en log˘i kai en ˘idais X.Cyr.1.4.25 , cf. Pl.Lg.835b; prose, opp. poiêsis, Id.R.390a; opp. psilometria, Arist.Po.1448a11; opp. emmetra, ib.1450b15 (pl.); t˘i l. touto t˘n metr˘n (sc. to iambeion) homoiotaton einai Id.Rh.1404a31 ; in full, psiloi l. prose, ib.b33 (but psiloi l., = arguments without diagrams, Pl.Tht.165a); l. pezoi, opp. poiêtikê, D.H.Comp.6; opp. poiêmata, ib.15; koina kai poiêmat˘n kai log˘n Phld.Po.5.7 ; pezos l. ib.27, al.

b. of the constituents of lyric or dramatic poetry, words, to melos ek tri˘n . . logou te kai harmonias kai rhuthmou Pl.R.398d ; opp. praxis, Arist.Po.1454a18; dramatic dialogue, opp. ta tou chorou, ib.1449a17.

3. Gramm., phrase, complex term, opp. onoma, Id.SE 165a13; l. onomat˘dês noun-phrase, Id.APo.93b30, cf. Rh.1407b27; expression, D.H.Th.2, Demetr.Eloc.92.

b. sentence, complete statement, "anthr˘pos manthanei" logon einai phêis . . elachiston te kai pr˘ton Pl.Sph.262c ; l. autotelês A.D.Synt.3.6 , D.T.634.1; rhêthênai log˘i to be expressed in a sentence, Pl.Tht.202b; l. echein to be capable of being so expressed, ib.201e, cf. Arist.Rh.1404b26.

c. language, ta tou l. merê parts of speech, Chrysipp.Stoic.2.31, S.E.M.9.350, etc.; ta moria tou l. D.H.Comp.6 ; meros l. D.T.633.26 , A.D.Pron.4.6, al. (but hen meros xod.> logou one word, Id.Synt.340.10, cf. 334.22); peri t˘n stoichei˘n tou l., title of work by Chrysippus.

X. the Word or Wisdom of God, personified as his agent in creation and world-government, ho pantodunamos sou l. LXX Wi.18.15 ; ho ek noos ph˘teinos l. huios theou Corp.Herm.1.6 , cf. Plu.2.376c; l. theou di' hou kateskeuasthê [ho kosmos] Ph.1.162; tês tou theou sophias: hê de estin ho theou l. ib.56; l. theios . . eik˘n theou ib.561, cf. 501; ton tomea t˘n sumpant˘n [theou] l. ib.492; ton angelon hos esti l. ib.122: in NT identified with the person of Christ, en archêi ên ho l. Ev.Jo.1.1 , cf. 14, 1 Ep.Jo.2.7, Apoc.19.13; ho l. tês z˘ês 1 Ep.Jo.1.1 .